Crea Developer logo

Crea Developer Portal

JS: Transfer Crea And Sbd

Transfer both CREA and CBD from one account to another.

Full, runnable src of Transfer Crea And Sbd can be downloaded as part of the JS tutorials repository.

This tutorial will take you through the process of preparing and submitting a transfer using the broadcast operation. Two demo accounts are provided to use on the testnet but all variables can be easily changed and applied to the production server.

There is also an alternative method to transfer from one account to another using a hot signing link that can be generated via Creaconnect. You create a link using the to account, the amount, and a memo (optional comments). This link then allows you to do a transfer simply by adding the login details of the from account. This is a very simple way to send a payment request to any other user with the correct details already provided by the link.

Intro

We are using the broadcast.transfer function provided by the dcrea library to send the transaction through to the network. In order to do the transfer, two accounts are required. One the sender and the other the recipient. You also can’t transfer from and to the same account, which is why two accounts have been provided for this tutorial. There are 6 parameters required for the transfer operation:

  1. Username - The username of the account making the transfer (from account)
  2. Privatekey - This is the private active key of the sender
  3. Recipient - The account that is receiving the CREA or CBD (to account)
  4. Memo - This is a text field which can be used for a comment on the transfer or it can be left empty
  5. Amount - This is the amount of CREA to transfer. This has to be a positive value with 3 decimals in order for the transaction to be completed
  6. Type - This is the currency of the transfer, CREA or CBD. This value has to be written ALL CAPS in order for the transaction to be completed

It is noteworthy that Crea Power (VESTS) cannot be transferred with this operation.

Steps

  1. Configure connection Configuration of dcrea to communicate with a Crea blockchain
  2. Input variables Collecting the required inputs via an HTML UI
  3. Object creation Creating an object to use in the broadcast operation
  4. Broadcast Broadcasting the transfer to the blockchain

1. Configure connection

As usual, we have a public/app.js file which holds the Javascript segment of the tutorial. In the first few lines we define the configured library and packages:

const dcrea = require('dcrea');
//define network parameters
let opts = {};
opts.addressPrefix = 'STX';
opts.chainId =
    '79276aea5d4877d9a25892eaa01b0adf019d3e5cb12a97478df3298ccdd01673';
//connect to a crea node, testnet in this case
const client = new dcrea.Client('https://testnet.crea.vc', opts);

Above, we have dcrea pointing to the test network with the proper chainId, addressPrefix, and endpoint.
Because this tutorial modifies the blockchain, we will use a testnet and predefined accounts to demonstrate the transfer process.

2. Input variables

The required parameters for the transfer operation is recorded via an HTML UI that can be found in the public/index.html file. The values are prepopulated in this case with testnet demo accounts. The transfer amount is set to 1.000 but any value can be input as long as the sender has enough CREA to send.

The parameter values are allocated as seen below, once the user clicks on the “Transfer” button.

window.submitTransfer = async () => {
    //get all values from the UI
    //get account name of sender
    const username = document.getElementById('username').value;
    //get private active key
    const privateKey = dcrea.PrivateKey.fromString(
        document.getElementById('privateKey').value
    );
    //get recipient
    const recipient = document.getElementById('recipient').value;
    //get comments
    const comments = document.getElementById('comments').value;
    //get transfer amount
    const quantity = document.getElementById('quantity').value;
    //get transfer type
    const type = document.getElementById('type').value;

3. Object creation

In the broadcast.transfer operation, the amount parameter is a combination of the transfer value and type which is why we concatenate the two values into a single variable. We then create a transfer object with the input variables to use within the broadcast operation.

const transfer = quantity.concat(' ', type);

//create transfer object
const transf = new Object();
transf.from = username;
transf.to = recipient;
transf.amount = transfer;
transf.memo = comments;

4. Broadcast

We can complete the broadcast operation using the created object and the private active key received from the input UI. The result of the transfer is displayed on the UI to confirm whether it was a success or an error occurred. The result is also displayed in the console with the relevant block number or transfer error.

client.broadcast.transfer(transf, privateKey).then(
    function(result) {
        console.log(
            'included in block: ' + result.block_num,
            'expired: ' + result.expired
        );
        document.getElementById('transferResultContainer').style.display =
            'flex';
        document.getElementById('transferResult').className =
            'form-control-plaintext alert alert-success';
        document.getElementById('transferResult').innerHTML = 'Success';
    },
    function(error) {
        console.error(error);
        document.getElementById('transferResultContainer').style.display =
            'flex';
        document.getElementById('transferResult').className =
            'form-control-plaintext alert alert-danger';
        document.getElementById('transferResult').innerHTML =
            error.jse_shortmsg;
    }
);

To run this tutorial

  1. clone this repo
  2. cd tutorials/20_transfer_CREA_and_CBD
  3. npm i
  4. npm run dev-server or npm run start
  5. After a few moments, the server should be running at http://localhost:3000/